Other cellular components actively working with the HLR include the gateway mobile switching center (G-MSC), visitor location register (VLR) and the. The HLR interacts with the Mobile Switching Center (MSC), which is a switch used for The third integral element is the Visiting Location Register (VLR), which. The HLR connects to the following elements: The G-MSC for handling incoming calls; The VLR for handling requests from mobile phones to attach to the.

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Let our CV writing experts help you. The HLR is a database used for storage and management of subscriptions.

The TMSI will be updated frequently, this makes it very difficult for the call to be traced and therefore provides a high degree of security for the subscriber. Do you know of others?

Which of the following is not true with regard to functional authority? The mobile switching center server is a soft-switch variant therefore it may be referred comphting mobile soft switch, MSS of the mobile switching center, which provides circuit-switched calling mobility management, and GSM services to the mobile phones roaming within the area that it serves. Mobile switching centre server.

There must be some level of support for this built into any of the different elements. Crossover – Delhi, India.

Network switching subsystem

Because cell phones, and their respective SIMs, are mostly mobile, the HLR serves as the main source of recent location information. Of course, the mobile phone can generate the K c itself by feeding the same RAND supplied during authentication and the K i into the A8 algorithm.


What is the difference between little endian and big endian data formats? Systems Monitoring for Dummies: A Brief History of AI. A home location register HLR is a database containing pertinent data regarding subscribers authorized to use a global system for mobile communications GSM network.

GSM – The Network Switching Subsystem (NSS)

An IMEI is marked as invalid if it has been reported stolen or is not type approved. The data it contains is remotely accessed by all the MSCs and the VLRs in the network and, although the network may contain more than one HLR, there is only one database record per subscriber — hhlr HLR is therefore handling a portion of the total computinf database. My Question is New. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

While A and B are talking with each other, C can join the call and listen silently. By Mohamed Abaker Ezeldin ccomputing Oct An encryption key is also generated that is subsequently used to encrypt all wireless communications voice, SMS, etc. There are various different glr for MSCs in different contexts which reflects their complex role in the network, all of these terms though could refer to the same MSC, but doing different things at different times.

GSM – The Network Switching Subsystem (NSS)

The AuC does not engage directly in the authentication process, but instead generates data known as triplets for the MSC to use during the procedure. The concept of lawful interception is also known, following the relevant U. If VLR data is corrupted it can lead to serious issues with text messaging and call services. Generally, lawful Interception implementation is similar to the implementation of conference call.


The Network switching system NSSthe main part of which is the Mobile Switching Center MSCperforms the switching of calls between the mobile and other fixed or mobile network users, as well as the management of mobile services such as authentication.

Gsm is 2g or 3g?

What is Home Location Register (HLR)? – Definition from Techopedia

HLR is basically Home location Register is a database used for permanent storage of customer information. Upvote 0 Downvote Reply 0 Report. The authentication center AuC is a function to authenticate each SIM card that attempts to connect to the gsm core network typically when the phone is powered on.

Retrieved from ” https: It is also responsible for generating billing data of roaming subscriber. The HLR is a system comupting directly receives and processes MAP transactions and messages from elements in the GSM network, for example, the location update messages received as mobile phones roam around.